Machine Learning | What is it?

Machine Learning

Machine learning is a pattern-based subset of AI. Machines are given data and create rules based on patterns detected within. Through these set rules, AI can understand and predict outcomes from certain information, then makes actions to avoid or obtain said outcomes.

Several tasks in the simulation industry can be benefited from the use of machine learning. For Example, It can help train pilots’ capabilities through Semi-Automated Forces (SAF).  

Machine Learning in Simulation

The pentagon recently held a simulated dogfight between two F-16s. One is controlled by a human, and the other by AI. The AI won five to nothing. This win for machine-kind came only a year after DARPA said that no AI could beat a Human in a dogfight. What makes this possible is that the AI performs millions, if not billions, of iterations of trial and error predicting all the possibilities of what could occur. 

The AI predicts the pilot’s decisions and adjusts its decision-making accordingly. Once it has enough data, AI can make rapid decisions faster and more accurately than any human.

Machine learning was turned off for this bout. However, if it was turned on and the human pilot got the better of it even once, the AI could learn from its mistakes and use the information gained to perform better on the next go. 

Boeing's Loyal Wingman Drone with AI machine learning technology
Boeing’s Loyal Wingman Drone

Limitations

From chess boards to dogfights AI has come a long way as it triumphs in rules-based quick decision-making tasks. Machine learning does have its limitations, however. It lacks cooperation. Modern machine learning AI is difficult to link together to have, say, a fleet of AI piloted jets working in unison. 

Applications

Currently, AI is used in drone technology to prevent collisions. The drone will take control if there is an interruption between the drone and the manned controller. For example, the up-and-coming Loyal Wingman Drone will be manned by a fighter pilot. However, they will simply direct the drone’s AI, allowing the AI to perform specific tasks. AI drones are also much cheaper than F-35 manned stealth fighters. 

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